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Comparing the 6 best phones you can buy for less than US$300

New Atlas compares the specs and features of six budget smartphones: the iPhone SE, LG K30, ...

As smartphones get smarter, they inevitably get more expensive, and last year we saw the iPhone X whiz past the US$1,000 mark. But you don’t need to crack open the piggy bank to buy a supercomputer just to make calls and send texts – there’s a whole range of phones that trim away some of the fat to bring the price down. New Atlas compares the specs and features of some of the best phones you can buy for under $300 – the iPhone SE, LG K30, Huawei Mate SE, Nokia 6.1, ZenFone 5Q (or 5 Lite), and the Moto G6.

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The magic number of people needed to create social change

Your voice is louder, and more meaningful, than you think. This new research visualizes its impact.

This is not the prettiest data visualization of the year–not remotely–but it may be the most important. A new study published in Science has quantified the number of people who need to take a stand before they can affect societal change on important topics like sexual harassment and human rights.

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How setbacks make us rethink our goals

New research digs into how setbacks affect the pursuit of our goals, such as weight loss.

Setbacks are to be expected when pursuing a goal, whether you’re trying to lose weight or save money. The challenge is getting back on track and not giving up after a difficulty or crisis, says José Rosa, marketing professor in Iowa State University’s Ivy College of Business.

“We know it’s hard to get back on once people take the off ramp.”

Rosa is part of a research team working on practical ways to help people stick to health-related goals—specifically, prescribed regimens for medical ailments that require significant lifestyle changes. The work is personal for Rosa. His diabetic sister nearly died when her blood sugar hit dangerously high levels, and she struggles with poor vision and health, he says.

Staying committed to a long-term health goal is challenging, because it may feel as if there is no light at the end of the tunnel, Rosa says. If your goal is to lose 20 pounds, there is a defined timeframe and a point to celebrate achieving your goal. However, if you are diabetic and need to cut certain foods from your diet or change your daily routine to exercise more, the goal has a different feel, Rosa says.

“These are some of the most difficult goals we face, because the effort has to become a way of life. If you’re a diabetic, you have to be thinking about your diet every time you eat,” Rosa says. “In many ways, it is sacrificial. You must endure this cost and the reward is health.”

Unfortunately, the reward is not immediate and often difficult to realize with certain ailments, such as diabetes or high blood pressure. As we age, other health issues can complicate the outcome of the initial goal and appear as if our efforts aren’t paying off. This makes it harder to stick to the goal, Rosa says, even though we know giving up can have serious consequences.

In the new study, researchers conducted five experiments to understand how crisis influences motivation and commitment to the goal. The researchers found that a setback or difficulty often prompts people to reassess the cost-benefits of their goal and consider quitting.

The experiments simulated a series of situations in which some participants faced an action crisis. They then answered several questions to determine how they would react. Rosa says an action crisis may be related or unrelated to the goal, but it is a point during goal pursuit when circumstances change, causing us to question whether the goal really matters.

Once that questioning begins, we shift our mindset from implementation to evaluation. We renegotiate the importance of the outcomes and may determine it is no longer worth it, Rosa says.

The researchers refer to that decision to quit as “taking the off ramp,” which can snowball into other problems.

“We know it’s hard to get back on once people take the off ramp. This causes some people to feel like failures and stop trying all together. In some situations, the off ramp leads to behaviors that cause another crisis or a significant decline,” he says.

For example, Rosa says a man with high blood pressure stops taking his medication and suffers a heart attack, or a diabetic woman has an insulin reaction causing her to black out and crash her car.

Little treats aren’t a vice. They get us to our goals

Researchers are now using data from the experiments to develop and test interventions for patients on prescribed health regimens. Rosa says the goal is to provide specific instructions for patients to follow and help shift their mindset from renegotiation or evaluation back to implementation.

The potential benefit of such an intervention extends beyond the individual patient, Rosa says. From a marketing perspective, it is an issue of consumption and making health care more effective for patients. Rosa says the right intervention will help patients stay on track, lessening the risk for additional health issues and lowering health care costs.

The results are published online in the journal Psychology & Marketing.

Researchers from Penn State and the University of Wyoming also contributed to the work.

Source: Iowa State University

The post How setbacks make us rethink our goals appeared first on Futurity.

World Cup suffers massive ratings drop in the U.S.

Soccer might be the globe’s most popular sport–but not in America. To see proof of that you only need to look at the viewership numbers for the latest World Cup, which began a week ago and runs until mid-July in Russia. The 2018 FIFA World Cup has seen U.S. viewership plummet 44% compared to 2014’s audience, reports Bloomberg.

That’s not good news for Fox or NBCUniversal’s Telemundo, which hold the English- and Spanish-language viewing rights in America. Games on Fox are averaging 1.98 million views–compared to the 3.55 million average 2014’s games on ESPN carried. Telemundo’s games are averaging only 1.87 million viewers, which is down from the 3.3 million average games brought in on Univision four years ago. Both networks paid a combined $1.1 billion for the U.S. rights to the 2018 World Cup. As for why the numbers are so much lower, analysts speculate that the extreme time-zone difference with Russia and the fact that U.S. team failed to qualify for the 2018 tournament are two contributing factors.

How calling video game addiction a disorder will help addicts

The World Health Organization’s classification of video game addiction as a mental health disorder is a significant step toward getting people the help they need, argues Douglas Gentile, professor of psychology at Iowa State University and an expert on video games and addiction.

In a 2011 study published in Pediatrics, Gentile and his colleagues found gaming addiction is comorbid with other mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, social phobias, and ADHD. The study tracked more than 3,000 children over the course of two years.

The findings help answer a question Gentile is often asked—is video game addiction a primary condition, or a symptom of other disorders?

The study found gaming addiction occurs along with other mental health problems and is not just a symptom or simply used as a coping mechanism. While Gentile understands why people ask this question, he cautions against trying to pinpoint a primary issue when it comes to mental health.

In this video, Gentile explains the science behind the WHO decision as well as what parents need to know about the disorder.

Source: Iowa State University

The post How calling video game addiction a disorder will help addicts appeared first on Futurity.

Here are the tech companies condemning Trump’s child separation policy

Leaders and executives from some of the biggest tech companies in the world are stepping up to publicly condemn Trump’s child separation policy. Here’s whose spoken out so far:

Google–CEO Sundar Pichai

Reddit–cofounder Alexis Ohanian

Apple–CEO Tim Cook

Cook told the Irish Times: “It’s heartbreaking to see the images and hear the sounds of the kids. Kids are the most vulnerable people in any society. I think that what’s happening is inhumane, it needs to stop.”

Facebook–CEO Mark Zuckerberg

Uber–CEO Dara Khosrowshahi

Microsoft–CEO Satya Nadella

Writing on LinkedIn: “I consider myself a product of two amazing and uniquely American things–American technology reaching me where I was growing up that allowed me to dream the dream and an enlightened immigration policy that then allowed me to live that dream. My story would not have been possible anywhere else. This new policy implemented on the border is simply cruel and abusive, and we are standing for change.”

eBay–CEO Devin Wenig

Airbnb–CEO Brian Chesky

Box–CEO Aaron Levie

SalesForce–CEO Marc Benioff

Lyft–cofounders Logan Green and John Zimmer

Twitter–CEO Jack Dorsey

YouTube–CEO Susan Wojcicki

Cisco–CEO Chuck Robbins

Pax’s clever new app stops you from getting too high

Pot is increasingly legal, but newb smokers need help. Enter the power of good design to get you high with less risk.

Pax, the pocket vaporizer company that’s sold more than 2 million units to date, is announcing a major update to help its customers get high. Called Session Control, it’s an update to the company’s app that lets you set how much you want to vape at once. Previously, you could vape limitless amounts of pot until the cartridge was empty.

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design employment • Re: When can I expect to start making decent money?

Designasks:

I definitely feel your pain; as I am a native NY’er whose first design opportunities were in major design meccas (NYC, Seattle and Chicago); both corporate and consultancy. After graduating in 2011, the competition was so fierce in NYC (even after meeting with design directors and getting great feedback on my portfolio) that I had to reevaluate my dream of ending up at an award-winning consultancy and start casting a wider net in search of ID work elsewhere (in not-so metropolitan cities) if I were to be gainfully employed.

I finally ended up being interviewed and hired by a major company in the Midwest known for highly valuing design and their employees; and I haven’t looked back.

I don’t miss the big city and have to come to embrace small town values; and I am close to some major cities if I feel the need to venture out. I am compensated quite nicely (starting salary 60K; and in three short years, am closer to 70K). Granted, the projects aren’t as diverse as a consultancy, but that’s ok. We have multiple product categories, so it’s possible, even encouraged, to move around. I pay only 600 dollars a month for a nice one-bedroom apartment in a nice, modern complex. And in 3 years, I’ve been able to put a huge dent in my student loan debt. And I don’t have to eat Ramen every night. I love the work I am doing, have a great boss and great team members. And I don’t feel exploited nor overworked.

When you wrote, “I feel like my boss has the attitude that “there are a million other recent grads who are begging to have my job, and I’m lucky to be employed at all.”… I can sympathize because after talking to other designers over the years and reading gripes on Glassdoor.com about said consultancies, you will see that the company name on your resume is your true compensation (not to mention the great work most of them do) because for the most part, designers complained about feeling exploited and overworked and under-compensated. No thank you!!

You will have to ultimately decide if being in a large expensive city is worth the financial heartache; or if you just need to move onto a company/consultancy in your same area that will compensate you what you are worth. The problem is that in major design meccas with a oversaturation of designers, the competition is not only fierce, but employers feel (for the most part) encouraged to underpay their entry level designers because they know that there will always be another young talent around the corner. Design is a fun, rewarding business but can also be cutthroat and ugly if you allow it to be. My suggestion to you is to either go corporate and/or move to a city with a lower cost of living (you didn’t say, but I gather you are working in a consultancy?); and climb up the ladder. When you are then financially more sound (debts paid off, money saved up) and compensated handsomely, you can then venture out to the big-name consultancies or to the design meccas you dream of and demand the compensation you deserve; if that is your wish.

Best of luck to you!